The Different Types of Nail Fungus and How to Treat Them 1

A Common Problem

Nail fungus is a common condition that affects many individuals. It occurs when a type of fungus called dermatophytes enters the nail bed through a small cut or crack. This can lead to various symptoms, such as a thickened, discolored, or brittle nail. Access the recommended external website and discover new details and perspectives on the topic covered in this article. We’re always striving to enrich your learning experience with us. Find out ahead.

Types of Nail Fungus

There are different types of nail fungus, each with its own characteristics and treatment options.

1. Distal Subungual Onychomycosis

This is the most common type of nail fungus. It usually starts at the tip of the nail and gradually spreads towards the cuticle. The affected nail may become yellow or brown, and it can thicken and crumble over time. Distal subungual onychomycosis is often caused by the fungus Trichophyton rubrum.

2. White Superficial Onychomycosis

White superficial onychomycosis appears as white spots or powdery patches on the top surface of the nail. It is commonly caused by the fungi Trichophyton mentagrophytes and Trichophyton interdigitale. This type of nail fungus is easier to treat compared to other types.

3. Proximal Subungual Onychomycosis

Proximal subungual onychomycosis typically affects the base of the nail near the cuticle. It is more commonly seen in individuals with a compromised immune system. This type of nail fungus can cause the nail to lift off the nail bed and become discolored.

4. Candidal Onychomycosis

Candidal onychomycosis is caused by a yeast called Candida. It often occurs in individuals with frequent exposure to moisture, such as those who regularly swim or wear tight-fitting shoes. This type of nail fungus can lead to a thickened and distorted nail.

Treatment Options

It’s important to seek treatment for nail fungus to prevent it from spreading and causing further damage to the nails.

1. Topical Medication

For mild cases of nail fungus, topical antifungal medications can be applied directly to the affected nails. These medications are available over-the-counter and come in the form of creams, ointments, or nail lacquers. It’s important to follow the instructions carefully and continue treatment for the recommended duration.

2. Oral Medication

In more severe cases, oral antifungal medications may be prescribed by a healthcare professional. These medications are taken by mouth and work to eliminate the fungus from within. Oral medications are generally more effective but may have side effects. It’s important to discuss potential risks and benefits with a healthcare professional.

3. Laser Treatment

Laser treatment is a newer and increasingly popular option for treating nail fungus. It involves directing laser energy to the affected nails, effectively killing the fungus. Laser treatment is non-invasive and generally painless, with minimal to no side effects. However, it may require multiple sessions to achieve desired results.

4. Surgical Intervention

In severe cases where other treatment options have failed, surgical intervention may be necessary. This involves the removal of the affected nail, allowing for a new, healthy nail to grow in its place. Surgical intervention is typically reserved for cases where the nail fungus has caused significant damage or discomfort.

Preventing Nail Fungus

While treatment options are available, prevention is always better than cure. Here are some tips to help prevent nail fungus:

  • Keep your nails clean and dry.
  • Wear breathable socks and shoes.
  • Avoid sharing personal items such as nail clippers or files.
  • Use antifungal sprays or powders in shoes and socks.
  • Avoid walking barefoot in public places, such as swimming pools or locker rooms.
  • Regularly inspect your nails for any changes or signs of infection.
  • By following these prevention tips and seeking prompt treatment when necessary, you can reduce your risk of developing nail fungus and maintain healthy nails. Enhance your study by exploring this suggested external source. There, you’ll find additional and valuable information to expand your knowledge of the topic. Visit This Helpful Guide, give it a look!


    Nail fungus is a common condition that can be caused by different types of fungi. It can lead to thickened, discolored, and brittle nails. Seeking appropriate treatment is important to prevent further damage and alleviate symptoms. Treatment options include topical and oral medications, laser treatment, and surgical intervention. By adopting preventive measures, such as keeping nails clean and dry, you can reduce your risk of developing nail fungus. Remember, healthy nails are an essential part of overall well-being.

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